Pen as Sword - Social Commentary

Why Do Canadians Hate …

“Into The Shadow Realm”, Howard Shore, from “Lord Of The Rings”

Watching American news on the satellite, trying to get a sense of how things are unfolding to the south of us. Certain concentrations of left wing extremists are trying to whip the universe into a frothing frenzy of “Trunp” hate. The observable fact that the nation is not following is inciting them to ever higher levels of shrill rhetoric.

Mark Steyn writes,

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000-hate-crime“The object of Parliament,” observed Winston Churchill at election time in 1951, “is to substitute argument for fisticuffs.”

How’s that holding up after November 8th? The object of at least a proportion of those on the streets is to substitute fisticuffs for argument, and indeed for Parliament:  The less self-aware even chant “This is what democracy looks like!” – by which they mean not the election but the post-election riots and looting and assaults.

Some among these self-proclaimed champions of women and immigrants wish to substitute rape for argument, a cause of such broad appeal that the ideological enforcers at the monopoly social-media cartels breezily permitted the hashtag “Rape Melania” to “trend” on Twitter.

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philadelphia_furious_protesters_in_the_city_of_brotherly_loveFrom the website “Before Its News”…

…if you keep insisting that half your fellow citizens are haters, maybe you’re the hater.

…one third of the Democrats’ representation in the House now comes from just three states – New York, Massachusetts and California. That’s one reason why they’re calling for the abolition of the Electoral College.

But, absent the upending of the constitution, they have a problem.

ap-election-protests-georgia…John Oliver and Stephen Colbert and Trevor Noah have sportingly decided, to judge from their ratings, to prioritize their politics over their comedy. But, whether or not “Love Trumps Hate”, condescension doesn’t trump anything.

For a year-and-a-half they shoveled industrial-strength coastal sneering into the path of the Trump train on a scale that would have derailed any other candidate before he got to Iowa. Instead, Trump just bulldozed through it – and so easily that he won the White House for a fifth of what Hillary spent.

If elite condescension failed to deny him the presidency, is it likely to be any more effective now that he is the president?

Twilight And Shadow”, Howard Shore, from “Lord Of The Rings“.

a-liberal-loveinWhat “message of unity” could be simpler than that one in every two Americans is a violent hater-racist-misogynist-homophobe-Islamophobe-transphobe Satan fridge-magnet?  On Friday, in a veritable frenzy of virtue signalling, the hashtag #safetypin trended on Twitter, as dozens of people shared selfies with safety pins attached to their clothing.

“Standing together we will be safe,” one user tweeted.

The-Return-of-the-King-Smeagols-Birthday“My #SafetyPin shows I will protect those who feel in danger bc of gender, sexuality, race, disability, religion, etc.,” another said. “You are safe with me.”

That’s true in the sense that, if Matt Harrington is around and they’ve confiscated his sniper rifle, he’ll be able to borrow your safety pin and stab Trump with it.

Can you really substitute virtue-signaling for argument? Especially when it’s this lame? And, indeed, are there enough safety-pins in America for all those who feel unsafe? Or will Trump’s trade war be dealt a massive crushing defeat as cheap knock-offs from Chinese safety-pin factories flood the US market?

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Bulverism is a logical fallacy that combines a genetic fallacy with circular reasoning. (ed. One of the best current examples of Bulverism can be found at “Salon” with their articles about Trump)

The method of Bulverism is to “assume that your opponent is wrong, and explain his error”. The Bulverist assumes a speaker’s argument is invalid or false and then explains why the speaker came to make that mistake, attacking the speaker or the speaker’s motive. The term “Bulverism” was coined by C. S. Lewis[1] to poke fun at a very serious error in thinking that, he alleges, recurs often in a variety of religious, political, and philosophical debates.

Similar to Antony Flew‘s “Subject/Motive Shift”, Bulverism is a fallacy of irrelevance. One accuses an argument of being wrong on the basis of the arguer’s identity or motive, but these are strictly speaking irrelevant to the argument’s validity or truth. But it is also a fallacy of circular reasoning, since it assumes, rather than argues, that one’s opponent is wrong.

(C.S.) Lewis wrote about this in a 1941 essay[2][3] which was later expanded and published in The Socratic Digest under the title “Bulverism”.[4][3] This was reprinted both in Undeceptions and the more recent anthology God in the Dock. He explains the origin of this term:[5]

You must show that a man is wrong before you start explaining why he is wrong. The modern method is to assume without discussion that he is wrong and then distract his attention from this (the only real issue) by busily explaining how he became so silly. In the course of the last fifteen years I have found this vice so common that I have had to invent a name for it. I call it “Bulverism”.

Some day I am going to write the biography of its imaginary inventor, Ezekiel Bulver, whose destiny was determined at the age of five when he heard his mother say to his father — who had been maintaining that two sides of a triangle were together greater than a third — “Oh you say that because you are a man.” “At that moment”, E. Bulver assures us, “there flashed across my opening mind the great truth that refutation is no necessary part of argument.

Assume that your opponent is wrong, and explain his error, and the world will be at your feet. Attempt to prove that he is wrong or (worse still) try to find out whether he is wrong or right, and the national dynamism of our age will thrust you to the wall.” That is how Bulver became one of the makers of the Twentieth Century.

CUT TO CANADIAN NEWS ON GLOBAL NATIONAL:

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Canadian Landscape with the Trump Hate contaminating everything

The mood change almost gave me whiplash … The big news item appears to be that “Canadians” are fearful that “Trump Hate” is leaking over the border and contaminating Canadian Water and maybe Canadian politics as well!

As the writer above said: … what “message of unity” could be simpler than that one in every two Americans is a violent hater-racist-misogynist-homophobe-Islamophobe-transphobe Satan fridge-magnet?  One thing is undeniably true “Canadians” are ALWAYS fearful of SOMETHING … it just changes from day to day and even hour to hour. Why can’t they stay focused on our media message?

It seems that the dominant meme of the American extreme left progressives is finding fertile soil in the Great White North, eh?  And the scary part is that this is normal, especially amongst the Canadian chattering classes and the inhabitants of the media swamp.

And why not?  After all, Canada is a nation of facile, self-righteous, hypocritical, haters from sea to shining sea.  And nowhere are they more frantic in their hating than when it comes to hating Americans (a severely overdeveloped case of “Short-Man Syndrome”).

03-pool-of-worship

OMG I’m just SO beautiful and I’m such a nice person too …

violent hater-racist-misogynist-homophobe-Islamophobe-transphobe Satan fridge-magnet” is just about THE perfect encapsulation of how Canadian Liberals of all stripes view ANYONE who has the misfortune to disagree with them or to prefer to deal in facts rather than social media “virtue signalling“.

This sad fact is especially true when talking about Americans or “American” culture. Funny thing though, the roots of American culture are British, and the roots of Canadian culture are British, except for a few privileged minorities who owe their continued existence to the generous way that the British have always treated their enemies.

So where do we get off sneering about American culture? Those holding these violent hate filled views would do well to read Russel Kirk’s “The Roots of American Order“, of course there are a lot of facts in this great book and they don’t adapt well to social media or virtue signalling.

“Yup, huh, huh, huh, ya sure gotta admit it … Trump Hate is showing up on the Canadian scene, contaminating the worship pool. Hey, anyone wanna head over to Timmy’s, I am feeling kinda nibbly. I heard they have a new caramel covered doughnut these days.”

I watch all the usual suspects in their self-congratulatory holier than thou pontification and find I am deeply ashamed of Canadians … deeply ashamed …

Cheers

Joe

Dan Jurac Fine Art Photo of Hoar Frost_DSC2972_Of course always remember to be charitable, even though that is distinctly un-Canadian, eh?.

And of course “anyone who disagrees with ME is a “violent hater-racist-misogynist-homophobe-Islamophobe-transphobe Satan fridge-magnet”. There, I said it first, nya, nya, na nya na …  who the heck cares about facts and truth anyway, that is all just so yesterday.

Disclaimer for nitpickers: We take pride in being incomplete, incorrect, inconsistent, and unfair. We do all of them deliberately.

 

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Pen as Sword - Social Commentary, Politics and Economics

Disparate Data in the Eather … part 4

(continued from part 3) … Using low-yield weapons and airbursts, this figure drops to as little as 700 fatalities! This makes using nuclear weapons thinkable for the first time since the 1940s. The B61-12 only encourages this trend further.

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So what has all this to do with Canadian nukes? Well, here’s a clue:  f35-2-bays The F-35A CTOL (conventional take off and landing) will be capable of carrying two B61-12 nuclear bombs, one in each bay.  See that little Canadian flag on the side of the fuselage. That’s the Canadian F-35 we mentioned in part 2 of this series. This aircraft is intended to be one of the primary delivery systems for the new B61-12 guided tactical nuclear bomb.

So as I mentioned in the first paragraph in part 1, I think we are looking at the opening moves in Canada re-joining the international nuclear club. Compared to Iran and North Korea we are a much better candidate (better looking too).  Who would you rather your daughter go on a date with, a North Korean, an Iranian,  or a nice clean cut Canadian. That’s really a no-brainer right?

Would having a nuclear capable Canada help NATO and the US if the US becomes deeply involved in a standoff in the South China Sea? This has all happened before. I have a personal memory of a Canadian “fighter” jet from the 60’s and 70’s. It was called the CF-104 and entered Canadian service in March 1962. I knew a pilot. He transferred from CF-104 to Sea Kings after having to eject from an exploding CF-104 on takeoff (early 70’s). He still thought it was a great jet but it was more relaxing flying Sea Kings. Whatever, all pilots are kinda “out there”. The CF-104 was originally designed as a supersonic interceptor aircraft, but it was used primarily for low-level strike and reconnaissance by the RCAF. CF-104 Tiger

Eight CF-104 squadrons were originally stationed in Europe as part of Canada’s NATO commitment. This was reduced to six in 1967, with a further reduction to three squadrons in 1970, back when the Liberals were bleeding the Forces to death by fiscal attrition under Hauptsturmführer Paul Hellyer. Up to 1971, this included a nuclear strike role that would see Canadian aircraft armed with US-supplied nuclear weapons in the event of a conflict with Warsaw Pact forces.

Low level attack runs in the CF-104 were done visually at 100 feet AGL and at speeds up to 600Kts. Low level evasive maneuvers could increase speeds to supersonic. The 104 was very difficult to attack owing to its small size, speed, and low altitude capability.

Dave Jurkowski, former CF-104 and CF-18 pilot is quoted “Because of our speed, size and lower level operations, no Canadian Zipper driver was ever ‘shot down’ by either air or ground threats in the three Red Flag Exercises in which we participated.”

So the contemplation of and preparation for a nuclear strike role is not new to the Canadian Armed Forces and the last time was under the Liberals. Pay special attention to the operational history section of this article in Wikipedia.baden-28a

We are again adding a nuclear strike role with a nuclear capable stealth strike aircraft to our arsenal. In spite of those Liberal promises to keep Canada nuclear free, they have no history of keeping any of their promises if they are not convenient.  There is no way that Harper’s Conservatives would feel bound by the promises of a mob of chestless pink tribe socialists.

Speculating about the future … does Canada need Iron Dome to defend nuclear strike assets in a Middle East context, such as a Canadian Expeditionary Force stationed in Israel?

It wouldn’t be out of character. Canada has always been a staunch defender of Israel‘s right not only to exist but to thrive. I don’t know how Israel would feel being associated with a bunch of baby murdering progressives but needs must when the devil drives.

Israel hasn’t got a lot of friends these days, now that the Americans have thrown them under the bus. The Iron Dome deal represents just another example of significant transfer of Israeli defense technology to Canada. We used Israeli systems even back in the 70’s when all our night vision equipment came from Israel. They were just about the only systems we had that were not older than the crews manning them.

A left front view of two multinational variable-swept-winged Tornado aircraft taking off at the Farnborough Air Show.

A left front view of two multinational variable-swept-winged Tornado aircraft taking off at the Farnborough Air Show.

It is reasonable to suppose that Canada and Great Britain could easily work together in this sort of expedition as both have massive common experience in the Sand Box and share a common heritage.

The Brits fly the Tornado which is also a planned platform for the new B61-12. Any one want to lay odds on an integrated Israeli, British, Canadian combined arms force with tactical nuclear capability protected by Iron Dome, handing the Iranians their collective asses on a plate in any regional conflict, even without US involvement?

The notion that we can rely on the US under regimes like Obama’s or perhaps Billery’s is delusional at best and downright suicidal at worst.

Just a thought.

Cheers

Joe

Nitpickers, ya know the drill.

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Pen as Sword - Social Commentary, Politics and Economics

Disparate Data in the Eather … part 3

(continued from part 2)

Third, a development with no apparent connection to Canada, BUT …B61-12windtunnel

We recently read of the B61-12: The New Guided Standoff Nuclear Bomb.  This is a nice little slide show designed to provoke the usual knee jerk reaction from all the usual pink tribe media types. Hans M. Kristensen, of the Federation of American Scientists, states that this new B61-12 program “signals that it is acceptable for Russia to modernize its non-strategic nuclear weapons as well. However Russia is already modernizing as fast as it can.   So how about a little background information, eh?

2 paragraphs of background note: One should note that the Federation of American Scientists, is a front organization for Project Plowshares, a left wing propaganda organization established in 1981 by the San Francisco-based philanthropist, artist and activist Sally Lilienthal (1919-2006), who had formerly served on the board of the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California during the 1960s and 70s, and had co-founded the Northern California Committee of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund in 1971.

From its inception, the Ploughshares Fund’s purpose was to support the nuclear-freeze movement, a Soviet-sponsored initiative that sought to further solidify the nuclear and military superiority which the USSR had gained during the post-Vietnam War era. In other words, the Federation of American Scientists and Project Plowshares, actually work for the Russians, the Tides foundation, and George Soros. And always have for that matter. So which side is their bread buttered on. Which side is yours? Was it Stalin that praised the “useful idiots”?

Anyway, enough background!  A new Bomb, well explained in the slide show by Mr. Kristensen. We can make allowances for a few minor discrepancies attributable to his obvious affiliations and point of view. I wonder if Mr. Kristensen ever met Mr. Solzhenitsyn?  Well, no matter.  The B61-12: The New Guided Standoff Nuclear Bomb  is described as “The most dangerous bomb in the US arsenal“.

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5 paragraphs of info about what makes Nukes deadly: What makes the B61-12 bomb the most dangerous nuclear weapon in America’s arsenal is its usability. This usability derives from a combination of its accuracy and low-yield. In terms of the former, the B61-12 is America’s first nuclear-guided bomb, As Hans Kristensen of FAS notes, “We do not have a nuclear-guided bomb in our arsenal today…. It [the B61-12] is a new weapon.”

Indeed, according to Kristensen, existing U.S. nuclear bombs have circular error probabilities (CEP) of between 110-170 meters. The B61-12’s CEP is just 30 meters. The B61-12 also has a low-yield. As noted above, the bomb has a maximum yield of 50 kilotons. However, this yield can be lowered as needed for any particular mission. In fact, the bomb’s explosive force can be reduced electronically through a dial-a-yield system. This combination of accuracy and low-yield make the B61-12 the most usable nuclear bomb in America’s arsenal.

That’s because accuracy is the most important determinate of a nuclear weapon’s lethality (Yield of warhead^2/3/ CEP^2). As one scholar explains: “Making a weapon twice as accurate has the same effect on lethality as making the warhead eight times as powerful. Phrased another way, making the missile twice as precise would only require one-eighth the explosive power to maintain the same lethality.” Furthermore, radiological fallout operates according to Newton’s inverse square law.

In practical terms, all this means that the more accurate the bomb, the lower the yield that is needed to destroy any specific target. A lower-yield and more accurate bomb can therefore be used without having to fear the mass, indiscriminate killing of civilians through explosive force or radioactive fallout. Lieber and Press have documented this nicely.

Indeed, using a Pentagon computer model, they estimated that a U.S. counterforce strike against China’s ICBM silos using high-yield weapons detonated at ground blast would still kill anywhere between 3-4 million people. Using low-yield weapons and airbursts, this figure drops to as little as 700 fatalities! This makes using nuclear weapons thinkable for the first time since the 1940s. The B61-12 only encourages this trend further.

***

So what has all this to do with Canadian nukes? Well, here’s a clue:  The F-35A CTOL (conventional take off and landing) will be capable of carrying two B61-12 nuclear bombs, one in each bay.  Just a thought.

Cheers

Joe

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Pen as Sword - Social Commentary, Politics and Economics

Disparate Data in the Eather … part 2

Serendip is a satisfying landscape for wandering …  (continued from part 1)

Second, missile defense systems … Canada seems to be walking down a rather un-Canadian path.

The last great manifestation of Liberal “defense policy” was the cancellation of the Sea King replacement program. I routinely flew in Sea Kings in the 70’s as a photographer and rescue swimmer. It was dangerous back then and I can just imagine what it is like now. Suffice to say that one can ALWAYS trust a Liberal to stab you in the back if they think they might look good doing it.  Anyway, missile defense systems …

Over the last 9 years the Conservatives, under Stephan Harper have charted a different course. This course has been fraught with problems and has not moved as quickly or decisively as the Conservatives would like thanks to media propaganda and resistance from the socialist 5th column in the opposition parties and the bureaucracy, but trying none-the-less.

Iron Dome Missile Defense SystemAnd we now have a new program starting.  Israeli Government subsidiary ELTA Systems Ltd. will work with Rheinmetall to bring new sensor capabilities to the Canadian Armed Forces.

On July 29, 2015 in Ottawa,  Canada’s Department of National Defence announced an improved radar system for the Canadian Army that will use cutting edge technology that is part of the successful Israeli Defence Force Iron Dome Air Defence system to defend against incoming rocket fire from Hamas and other terrorist groups.

Earlier this week, Defence Minister Jason Kenney unveiled a plan in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec to acquire Medium Range Radar for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF).

This represents another example of significant transfer of Israeli defence technology to Canada. The technology will provide the Canadian Armed Forces with the capability to quickly and accurately locate enemy forces weapons, as well as provide advanced aerial surveillance capability.

Rheinmetall Canada Inc. has won contracts to produce 10 Medium Range Radar systems and provide the associated in-service support, with a combined potential value of up to $243.3 million. Working alongside Rheinmetall is subcontractor ELTA Systems Ltd, a group and subsidiary of Israel Aerospace Industries. ELTA Systems Ltd will deliver this radar technology to provide the CAF the ability to locate hostile weapons in concert with other acoustic and radar sensors Canada already possesses. These radar systems could save lives and assist and help achieve mission success.

Third, a development with no apparent connection to Canada, BUT … just a teaser …  We recently read of the B61-12: The New Guided Standoff Nuclear Bomb.  This is a nice little slide show designed to provoke the usual knee jerk reaction from all the usual pink tribe media types.

Now we move on to part 3 … lots more good stuff on nukes to come, which never really went out of fashion in Grey circles, even though the media declared that battle won. Now that the Pink Tribe 60’s hippies (can you spell “useful idiots”?) are dieing off we hope reality can re-assert itself.  Of course there is an election coming both in Canada and in the U.S. Who knows what abominations may be unleashed. I guess we will just have to pray.

Cheers

Joe

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Pen as Sword - Social Commentary, Politics and Economics

Disparate Data in the Eather … part 1

Serendip is a satisfying landscape for wandering … following little strange attractors …  Listening to Studio Ghibli music. My daughter tells me I should give readers some idea of where this is going. So, because I acknowledge that she is probably right about that, I will tell you that this is a post about how seemingly disconnected or unrelated pieces of information often can connect to form an unexpected picture. I am positing, based on the three items of data here laid out that Canada is moving to join the international club of nuclear powers. Shocking, right? ( The next 6 paragraphs are just personal background and anti-Liberal rant, a kind of “full disclosure” of my own anti-Liberal biases. Please feel free to skip them and go on to the data below the 3 stars.)

Strange Atractor_Poisson_Saturne This humble correspondent once earned his daily bread by scanning hundreds of bits and pieces of information from hundreds of contacts and correspondents (this was pre-www, and what is sometimes referred to in some circles as “humint“).

From this soup of data I would then collate and categorize and ponder and eventually write detailed briefing notes for senior officers which the Department of Justice called “Environmental Scans”.

These were little free standing gospels of what if, and what might, and perhaps, and by the way, to which my masters would attach more or less weight depending upon their understandings, catalyzed by other data to which I was not party. Saved quite a few hundreds of thousands of dollars over the years.

To do this successfully one must have a wide web of trusted, and even not so trusted, contacts developed over years and routinely stroked and rewarded with little bits of whatever the contacts are looking for. Those habits never went away any more than an understanding of “CW” communications does to the long time user.

So, here are a couple of items of interest, perhaps, or perhaps not, if one’s interests are more of a “magical” nature.  As previously mentioned, one can always get one’s reality ready made from Salon, the CBC, and Being Liberal, if it suites one’s fancy. Of course I suspect that those sorts of readers would never “waste” time reading anything I write. They are much more interested in prosecuting “Cecil’s Assassin”, for example than talking about, or even worse, actually doing anything about millions of babies murdered, dismembered and sold for parts by our government “health” ministries.

But, “who am I to judge”? I am just an intolerant, homophobic, bigot, right? HEY! The emperor is still naked! What about that? Strange what comes around. The very folks who were calling me a “baby killer” because I served in the military back in the 70’s are now the same constituency who are fully in support of murdering millions of babies and selling their body parts, in the name of “choice”. Strange world. By their works, and all that …

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So what about “disparate data”?

First, “Fighter Jets” … the “Canadian F-35“. F-35 jpg

In some circles, some commentators pan the F-35 for not being as capable as other jets in the roles advertised for it. For example, Bill Whittle and his Trifecta compatriots  did a remarkable summary of what is actually going on in “The Psychology of Suck, Part Deux”: Static Systems Suck. They have a set of expectations associated with “Fighter Jet”.

If those expectations are in fact the actual parameters which define the success of the F-35 program then they are right to conclude that the only thing that makes sense is the discussion of “Why do government agencies mutate into immortal bureaucracies? Because the actual mission of ANY government program is to spend money.” Once you understand that the rest becomes clear. But are those the actual parameters defining this aircraft’s success?

If they are, then this is a highly entertaining video relating a phenomenon I have personally seen in action several times and been the victim of. Who knew?  Alberta Health is not alone!

Workers can be seen on the moving line and forward fuselage assembly areas for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter at Lockheed Martin Corp's factory located in Fort Worth, Texas in this October 13, 2011 handout photo provided by Lockheed Martin. REUTERS/Lockheed Martin/Randy A. Crites/Handout

Workers can be seen on the moving line and forward fuselage assembly areas for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter at Lockheed Martin Corp’s factory located in Fort Worth, Texas in this October 13, 2011 handout photo provided by Lockheed Martin. REUTERS/Lockheed Martin/Randy A. Crites/Handout

However, maybe those are not actually the REAL paramaters, but rather just a lot of disinformation, smoke and mirrors. In other circles you have industry professionals and media telling us that  this is the fighter jet of choice for Canada’s future needs. It doesn’t specify what those needs are. beyond the “renewal” of Canada’s fighter fleet.

According to Reuters, “Canada is poised to buy 65 Lockheed Martin Corp F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jets, sources familiar with the process told Reuters, marking a major renewal of Canada’s fighter fleet and helping contain costs of the expensive defense program.

An 18-month independent review of Canada’s fighter jet needs (very expensive and provoked by the Opposition Parties for political reasons) has concluded that the government should skip a new competition and proceed with the original C$9 billion (actually C$8.22 billion) purchase, three sources said.”

And, while I am on the topic,  just how the hell does C$8.22 billion become C$9 billion in the media? Who the hell knows, but hey, what’s a few hundred million when you have a chance to smear Conservatives.

We all know that accuracy is a Grey tribe fetish for rocket scientists and engineers. WE Liberal media types don’t neeeed no stinkeen’ accuracy, right ? And this whole accuracy thing is just SO Grey Tribe, through and through. The Pink Feelings Folks will never get it, no matter what happens to them. For all of them it is all about “image” and “optics”. It’s all Cecil vs Babies.

Now, in the past, the Canadian Liberals routinely sent limited numbers of well trained but very poorly equipped military personnel into global hotspots, all in the mushy name of “Peacekeeping”.  What this usually translated as was a dropping a tiny group of Canadian soldiers in blue helmets with no weapons and extremely restrictive “rules of engagement” into the middle of a gun fight to “separate” the two sides. This gave the Liberal government “good optics” and global cover, but resulted in frequent death and or wounding of Canadian personnel. Just gotta respect Lester Pearson, who loved the adulation of the UN more than his own soldiers lives. But what else would one expect from a Liberal. The adulation, praise and recognition of all the right progressive audiences ARE the MOST important thing in life, right? So on to the next item …

along the way I decided that this original post is too long so I will split it up starting here with item 2 ….

Cheers

Joe

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